In livestock production, and especially in large-scale farms focused on intensive livestock production, a small utilised agricultural area does not necessarily reflect the scale of production. Large-scale industrial farms of very high livestock production capacity typically have relatively small arable land area. Instead, the number of most profitable agricultural holdings with over 100 ESU (European Size Unit equivalent to 1,200 Euro SGM) can be a more meaningful indication. In 2007, this type of agricultural holdings accounted for only 0.17% of all agricultural holdings in Poland (EuroStat).

According to theproject's findings, currently there are app. 1393 industrial pigs and poultry farms (509 pig farms and app. 884 poultry farms) in the Baltic Sea Catchment Area. Number of installations for industrial cattle, fur-bearing animals, horses, goatsand sheep farming is much more complicated or, in case of many countries, impossible to determine. The same applies to aquaculture facilities.

Industrial pig farms in the Baltic Sea Catchment Area

Industrial poultry farms in the Baltic Sea Catchment Area

Number of agricultural holdings in EU Member States (EuroStat, 2007)

Utilised Agricultural Area (UAA, ha) per agricultural holding in EU MemberStates (EuroStat, 2007)

Livestock (LU, thousand; left) and number of large farms (100 LU, thousand; right)in the EU Member States within the Baltic Sea catchment basin (EuroStat, 2007 and 2008): Czechy - Czech Republic, Dania - Denmark, Niemcy - Germany, Łotwa - Latvia, Litwa - Lithuania, Polska - Poland.

Combined map of pigs (red) and poultry (yellow) indutstrial farms in the Baltic Sea catchment area

Aquafima facilities in Northern Poland


Federacja Zielonych GAJA
5 Lipca 45, 70-374 Szczecin, Poland
Phone. +48 91 489 42 33
Fax + 48 91 489 42 32

Coalition Clean Baltic
Östra Ågatan 53
SE-753 22 Uppsala, Sweden

Project Industrial animal farms in the Baltic Sea Region - sustainable practices to reduce nutrient loads is a part of a long-term campaign of the Coalition Clean Baltic and Green Federation "GAJA", aiming to reduce the negative impact of large-scale animal production on the environment and local communities in the Baltic Sea Region, particularly by reducing nutrient run-off into the sea. The project is part-financed by the European Union. This website reflects only the view of the Coalition Clean Baltic. The Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (EASME) is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.