Community laws 


AccordingtoRegulation (EC) No 1774/2002 of the European Parliament and oftheCouncil of 3 October 2002 laying down health rules concerninganimalby-products not intended for human consumption, manure isclassified asCategory 2 material (Article 5 para. 1 a).In the case ofmanure,digestive tract content separated from the digestive tract, milkandcolostrum, if the competent authority does not consider them topresent arisk of spreading any serious transmissible disease, can be:

Manuremeansany excrement and /or urine of farmed animals, with or withoutlitter,or guano. Detailed regulations concerning waste are provided inAnnexVIII, including Chapter III, defining requirements for manure,processedmanure and processed manure products. In particular, trade inunprocessedmanure of species other than poultry or equidae isprohibited, exceptfor manure from an area which is not subject torestrictions by virtue ofa serious transmissible disease, and intendedfor application, undersupervision of the competent authorities, to landforming part of asingle holding located on both sides of the border oftwo Member States.However, the competent authority may grant specificapproval for theintroduction onto its territory of manure intended forprocessing in atechnical plant or a biogas plant or in a compostingplant approved bythe competent authority in accordance with thisRegulation with a view tothe manufacture of the products referred tounder Section II below. Thecompetent authority must take account of theorigin of the manure whenapproving such plants. Such trade can onlyoccur with the consent of thecompetent authorities of both the MemberStates of origin anddestination. When considering giving consent, thecompetent authoritiesmust have particular regard to the origin of themanure, its destinationand animal health and safety considerations. Ahealth certificate mustaccompany the manure in such cases.

Tradeinunprocessed poultry manure must originate in an area which isnotsubject to restrictions by virtue of the Newcastle disease oravianinfluenza. In addition, unprocessed manure from poultryflocksvaccinated against Newcastle disease must not be dispatched to aregionwhich has obtained Newcastle disease non-vaccinating status. Ahealthcertificate must accompany the manure.

Tradein unprocessed manure of equidae is not subject to any animal healthconditions. In terms of importation, Member States must authorise theimportation of unprocessed manure if it:

TheRegulationlays down different requirements for processed manure andprocessedmanure products. The placing on the market of processed manureandprocessed manure products shall be subject to the followingconditions:

Theymust therefore be stored in well-sealed and insulated silos, orproperly sealed packs (plastic bags). Interms of importation, MemberStates must authorise importation ofprocessed manure and processedmanure products if they come from thirdcountries that appear on the listin Part IX of Annex XI; come from aplant approved by the competentauthority of the third country meetingthe specific conditions laid downin this Regulation; and areaccompanied by a health certificate.


TheCouncilDirective of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection ofwatersagainst pollution caused by nitrates from agriculturalsources(91/676/EEC)(OJ L 375 z 31.12.1991, p. 1), or the NitratesDirective,defines a series of actions for water protection againstpollution fromagricultural sources to be followed by the EU MemberStates.And inparticular, Nitrate Vulnerable Zones (NVZ) shall bedesignated inrespect of which action programmes shall be established andgoodagricultural practice promoted. The Directive also requiresMemberStates to undertake actions aimed at limiting water pollutionbynitrogen compounds run-off from land used for agriculturalpurposes,including to monitor waters, support environmentally friendlyandsustainable agriculture, to introduce suitable land managementtechniquefor crop and livestock production, thereby limiting nitrogencompoundsrunoff to water.

Exposed(vulnerable)zones are identified by the presence of run-offs tosurface freshwatersand / or groundwaters which contain or could containmore than 50 mg/l ofnitrates and whose condition may worsen unlessactions are taken, andrun-offs to euthophic or in the near future maybecome euthophic, unlessactions are taken.

TheNitratesDirective was transposed to Polish law by the Water Law Act,Regulationof the Minister of Environment of 23 December 2002 oncriteria forclassifying water exposed to pollution by nitrogencompounds fromagricultural sources (Polish Journal of Laws Dz.U.2002.241.2093),Regulation of the Minister of the Environment of 23December 2002 ondetailed criteria for classifying programmes intendedto limit thenitrogen run-off from agricultural sources (Polish Journalof Laws Dz.U.2003.4.44), 11 regulations of Heads of Regional WaterManagementAuthorities (RZGW) concerning the designation of watersvulnerable topollution by nitrogen compounds from agricultural sourcesandparticularly vulnerable zones where nitrogen run-off fromagriculturalsources should be limited, 21 regulations of Heads ofRegional WaterManagement Authorities (RZGW) concerning actionprogrammes for limitingnitrogen run-off from agricultural sources forparticularly vulnerablezones, the Fertilisers and Fertilisation LawAct, and the Regulation ofthe Minister of Agriculture and RuralDevelopment of 1 June 2001 ondetailed rules for the application offertilisers and trainings on theuse of fertilisers (Polish Journal ofLaws Dz.U. 2001.60.616).

Fromthepoint of view of protecting the natural environment of the BalticSea,regulations on water protection against pollution by nitratesfromagricultural sources appear to be of paramount importance. Thisissuerelated to agricultural holdings located at the boundaries of NVZs.Asmentioned before, Poland has designated 19 NVZs, eachprotectedaccording to individual action programmes drafted by theRegional WaterManagement Authorities having territorial jurisdictionover the relevantNVZs, with the aim to limit nitrogen run-off fromagricultural sources.

Theconditionsfor use and storage of natural fertilisers, fertilisationrestrictions,compilation of fertilisation plans, land use,documentation forinspection, monitoring actions implemented under therelevant actionprogrammes, deadlines for actions, and the duration ofsuch actions areexplicitly laid down in the Regulation concerningdetailed requirementsfor action programmes aimed at limiting nitrogenrun-off fromagricultural sources.

Actionprogrammesaimed at limiting nitrogen run-off from agricultural sourcesin thenitrogen vulnerable zones are intended to protect these areasfrom morepollution and to restore water quality standards put forwardin therelevant laws. These action programmes determine the directionand scopeof action, as well as remedial measures that farmers arecommitted toimplement. The tasks of agricultural authorities andenvironmentalprotection bodies related to agriculture in general and tothe mitigationof waste pollution from agricultural sources are alsoexplicitly listed(including education and advisory services ondeveloping fertilisationplans, assistance in the implementation ofwater protection investmentsby agricultural holdings, i.e. naturalfertiliser collection and storagetanks and slabs, controllingcontamination sources and related risks,inspections of obligationfulfilment by farmers, monitoring the qualityof surface waters andgroundwaters; organisational, financial andprofessional assistance forstakeholders engaged in the implementation ofaction programmes).

Therequirementsfor action programmes adopted for individual NVZs maydiffer, which iswhy agricultural holdings located within specific NVZsshould make surethey become familiar with relevant action programme.

Procedural rules for the storage of fertilisers and silage within NVZs are as follows:

The Regulation defined the rules for keeping records by agricultural holdings located within NVZs:

Special rules for the application of fertilisers also apply within NVZs:


TheDirective2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of23 October2000 establishing a framework for Community action in thefield of waterpolicy entered into force on 22 December 2000. Itsprimary objective isto accomplish good ecological and chemical statusuntil 2015, and toprevent deterioration of the status of ground,surface and territorialwaters. In the broader perspective, theDirective is intended to improvewater protection by introducing anintegrated Community policy on water,based on transparent, effectiveand coherent legislative framework,taking into account thevulnerability of aquatic ecosystems located nearthe coast and estuariesor in gulfs or relatively closed seas, as theirequilibrium is stronglyinfluenced by the quality of inland watersflowing into them.

TheDirective makesroom for the use of water resources by the economy(includingagriculture), which is subject to the requirements forsustainabledevelopment, i.e. it allows to change the status of watersas long as itdoes not interfere with the ecological functions of theaffectedwaters.The assumptions of the Water Framework Directive applyto thefollowing areas:

TheWaterFramework Directive was transposed into Poland law by the WaterLaw Act,Environmental Protection Law Act, and the Communal Water SupplyandWaste Removal Law Act, along with the implementing acts.

Watermanagementplans within river basin areas and the nationalwater-environmentprogrammes are the basic instruments for implementingthe Water Frameworkdirective. The water-environment programme isintended to fulfil thegoals laid down in the Directive in Poland. Itcovers a number of coreactivities, such as restricting the negativeimpact of agriculturalactivities on water quality by, for example,taking into account theprogrammes adopted for zones vulnerable topollution from agriculturalsources.

Fromthe point of view ofwater protection from agricultural pollution, thefollowing assumptionsof the Water Framework Directive appear to be ofmajor importance:

International Law


TheHelsinkiConvention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of theBaltic SeaArea of 9 April 1992, referred to as the Helsinki Convention,wasadopted to provide comprehensive protection of the BalticSeaenvironment, both sea waters, inland waters, and the BalticSeacatchment basin.It is an international agreement offundamentalimportance for concerted and international protection of theBaltic Sea.The Helsinki Convention was signed by Denmark, Estonia,Finland,Lithuania, Latvia, Germany, Poland, Russia, Sweden and the EU.TheConvention is executed by the Baltic Marine EnvironmentProtectionCommission (HELCOM) based in Helsinki.

TheLand-basedPollution Group (HELCOM LAND) is responsible for pollutionfromagricultural sources, and the core principles and obligationsconcerningpollution from land-based sources are listed in Article 6 oftheConvention.Under this Article, the Contracting Parties undertaketoprevent and eliminate pollution of the Baltic Sea Area fromland-basedsources by using, inter alia, Best Environmental Practice forall sourcesand Best Available Technology for point sources. Therelevant measuresshall be taken by each Contracting Party in thecatchment area of theBaltic Sea, without prejudice to its sovereignty.

TheHelsinkiConvention lays down two important definitions - the BestEnvironmentalPractice and the Best Available Technology. The term 'BestEnvironmentalPractice' is taken to mean the application of the mostappropriatecombination of measures:

Indeterminingthe appropriate combination of measures, particularconsideration shouldbe given to the precautionary principle, theecological risk associatedwith the product/process, selection of themost environmentally friendlymeasures, scale of use, potentialenvironmental benefit or penalty ofsubstitute materials or activities,advances and changes in scientificknowledge and understanding, timelimits for implementation, and socialand economic implications.

Theterm'Best Available Technology' is taken to mean the latest stageofdevelopment (state of the art) of processes, of facilities or ofmethodsof operation which indicate the practical suitability of aparticularmeasure for limiting discharges. In determining whether atechnologyconstitutes the Best Available Technology, specialconsideration shouldbe given to comparable processes, facilities ormethods of operationwhich have recently been successfully tried out,technological advancesand changes in scientific knowledge andunderstanding, the economicfeasibility of such technology, time limitsfor application, the natureand volume of the emissions concerned,non-waste/low-waste technology,and the precautionary principle.

Intermsof agricultural activities, the Contracting Parties shallimplementprocedures and measures listed in Annex III, Criteria andmeasuresconcerning the prevention of pollution from land-based sources(AnnexIII). To this end, the Contracting Parties shall cooperate inpreparing,accepting and implementing special programmes, guidelines,standards andrules on emissions and discharges to water and air,quality ofenvironment and products containing hazardous substances andmaterials.As a result, the detailed provisions of this Annex become themostsignificant. In the original version, the regulations wererelativelygeneral. Diffuse sources of pollution, including agriculture,weresupposed to be eliminated by supporting and implementing theBestEnvironmental Practice.

Later,AnnexIII was amended in a procedure for adopting amendments laid downin theConvention. First, on 31 December 2000, according to theHelsinkiCommission Recommendation No 21/1, the Annex was divided intotwoparts: Part 1: Prevention of Pollution from Industry andMunicipalities,and Part 2: Prevention of Pollution from Agriculture,adding contentsof Part 2. Next, on 15 November 2008, according to theHelsinkiCommission Recommendation No 28E/4, Part 2, Annex III wasrecasted.

Whatis important in termsof natural fertilisers, the Contracting Partiesagreed to integrate thefollowing basic principles into nationallegislation or guidelines andaccommodate them to the prevailingconditions within the country toreduce the adverse environmental impactof agriculture (Regulation 2).Also, specified requirements levels areconsidered to be the minimumbasis for national legislation.

Intermsof detailed regulations, the question of animal density wasaddressed inthe first place. It was agreed that, to ensure that manureis notproduced in excess in comparison to the amount of arable land,there mustbe a balance between the amount of animals on the farm andthe amount ofland available for spreading manure, expressed as animaldensity.Themaximum amount of animals should be explicitly determinedconsidering theamount of phosphorus and nitrogen in manure and theuptake of plantnutrients by crops.

Theseconddetailed regulation addresses the question of location anddesign oflivestock housings. It was agreed that livestock housinglocation anddesign should prevent contamination of soil and surfacewater.

Manurestorageis another issue tackled in a detailed manner. Manure storagemust be ofsuch a quality that prevents losses. The storage capacityshall besufficiently large, to ensure that manure only will be spreadwhen theplants can utilize nutrients. The minimum level to be requiredshould be 6months storage capacity. Technical requirements are alsomentioned, suchas water-proof floor and side walls.

Anotherregulationdetermines storage conditions for agricultural waste waterand manureeffluents, as well as effluents from the preparation andstorage ofsilage. Another regulation concerns the application oforganic manures.Organic manures (slurry, solid manure, urine, sewagesludge, composts,etc.) shall be spread in a way that maximizes theireffectiveapplication. These fertilisers should be spread in a way thatminimizesthe risk for loss of plant nutrients and should not be spreadon soilsthat are frozen, water saturated or covered with snow. Organicmanuresshould be incorporated as soon as possible after application onbaresoils.

Part2, Annex III also refersto the application rates for nutrients infertilisers. It was agreed thatthe application rates for nutrientsshould not exceed the crops nutrientrequirements, based on theequilibrium between the forecasted plantdemand and the volumes ofnutrients absorbed from soil and supplied withfertilisers to preventeutrophication. National guidelines should bedeveloped with fertilizingrecommendations and they should take referenceto:

Theupperlimits for application of animal fertilisers correspond to 170 kgofnitrogen and 25 kg of phosphorus per hectare annually. TheConventionalso mentions winter crop cover to effectively reduce theloss of plantnutrients, as well as water protection measures, andammonia emissions.

Regulation4on environmental permits is also important in the context ofnaturalfertilisers. Farms with livestock production above certain sizeshouldrequire approval with regard to environmental aspects and impactsof thefarms. Environmental permits are obligatory for farms withlivestockdensity of over 40,000 places for poultry, 2,000 placesforgrower-finishers (over 30 kg), 750 places for sows, and 400 placesforcattle.

Theamended Annex alsoincluded guidelines for environmental monitoring, aswell as education,information and extension service on environmentalissues in theagricultural sector.

Facultative documents

Theseare'soft-law' documents and can be implemented voluntarily. Thevoluntarynature of these documents shall mean that the decision onwhether tocommit oneself to the requirements ensuing from the RuralDevelopmentProgramme or to operate a large-scale livestock farm istaken at solediscretion of, or is an autonomous choice of the farmerinterested inenvironmental protection issues. The first case concernsthe instrumentsof the Common Agricultural Policy under which the RuralDevelopmentProgramme for 2007-2013 has been developed, with theAgri-EnvironmentalProgramme as its integral part (Minimum requirementsfor the use offertilisers and plant protection products,cross-compliance). In thesecond case, the recommendations listed in theCode of Good AgriculturalPractice are involved.

Moreover,thereare strategies and programmes: the Baltic Sea Action Plan, theEuropeanUnion Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, and the Agenda 21 fortheBaltic Sea Region.


Inorderto implement the goals of the Common Agricultural Policy (as partof theRural Development Programme for 2004-2006) and the requirementsof theNitrates Directive, the Ministry of Agriculture and RuralDevelopment hasdrawn up the Code of Good Agricultural Practice, whichis a compilationof rules and recommendations for environmentalprotection, and advise onhow to limit negative environmental impact ofagriculture. The Coderaises environmental awareness of farmers andhelps them implementconcrete environmentally friendly solutions.

TheCodeof Good Agricultural Practice also features guidelines forreducingemissions of odorants and other pollutants from agriculturalsources.


Thecrosscompliance principle was adopted as a result of the CommonAgriculturalPolicy reform in 2003; it links direct payments to a numberofenvironmental requirements rather than production structure andsize.

InPoland,the cross compliance came into force in 2009 and the specificareas ofcross compliance will be progressively implemented until 2013,as is thecase in other new Member States.

Cross compliance applies to all large-scale farms which apply for the following forms of assistance:

Maintainingtheland in good agricultural and environmental condition (Regulationof theMinister of Agriculture and Rural Development of 11 March 2010onminimum standards (Journal of Laws Dz.U. 2010.39.211),fulfillingminimum requirements for the use of fertilisers and plantprotectionagents, and a number of detailed guidelines divided into 3themes arethe main requirements defined for the cross complianceinstrument. Area Avalid since 2009 is important for preventingeutrophication as itcovers groundwater protection against pollution fromnitrates fromagricultural sources.


Large-scalelivestockfarms which implement the agri-environmental programme underthe RuralDevelopment Programme for 2007-2013 are committed to complywith thefollowing minimal requirements for the use of fertilisers:

Theminimumrequirements for the use of fertilisers are laid down in theRegulationof the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of 26February 2009concerning detailed conditions and procedure for grantingfinancial aidunder the Agri-environmental Programme within theframework of the RuralDevelopment Programme for 2007?2013 (Journal ofLaws Dz.U. 2009.33.262).


TheReference Document on Best Available Techniques for Intensive Rearingof Poultry and Pigs(BREF) is an executive summary of regularly validatedand updatedpractices for the operation of installations obliged toobtain anintegrated permit, allowing for integrated pollution preventionandcontrol, taken into account in defining conditions forintegratedpermits by the issuing authorities. BREF reference documentsare thebasis for the compilation of requests for integrated permits.

BREFhasbeen drawn up from information exchange between Member Statesandenterprises committed to the Best Available Techniques, BAT.Theinformation exchange has been coordinated by the European IPPC BureauinSeville, which collects and prepares reference documents on BAT. Itwaspublished by the European Commission to follow-up Article 3 andArticle16(2)of Directive 96/61/EC of the Council of 24 September 1996onintegrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC Directive), tohelpowners of IPPC installations undertake all available measures topreventpollution, and in particular by applying the Best AvailableTechniquesfor improving the condition of the environment.

AccordingtoArticle 2(11) of the IPPC Directive, the ?best availabletechniques?shall mean the most effective and advanced stage in thedevelopment ofactivities and their methods of operation which indicatethe practicalsuitability of particular techniques for providing inprinciple thebasis for emission limit values designed to prevent and,where that isnot practicable, generally to reduce emissions and theimpact on theenvironment as a whole. And in particular:

Thepurposeof BAT is to provide indications regarding maximum emissionvalues thatreflect correct proportions between costs and benefits.These limits musttake into account the technical characteristics of theinstallationconcerned, its geographical location and the localenvironmentalconditions. In addition, the emission limit values aredetermined forpollutants which are likely to be emitted from theinstallation concernedin significant quantities, and in particular,those listed in Annex III,IPPC Directive.

Aimedat improvinggeneral environmental performance of intensive poultry andpig farms, thebest available techniques (BAT) are intended to:

The BREF reference document consists of 5 chapters:

In terms of protection of the Baltic ecosystem, BREF lists the following Best Available Techniques:

Directive2010/75/EUof the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November2010 onindustrial emissions (IED Directive) entered into force on 6January2011, substituting the IPPC Directive.The IED Directiveestablishes newconditions for obtaining integrated permits, which haveto be transposedinto national law until 7 January 2013. The newregulations referring toexisting installations shall be implementeduntil 7 January 2014, anduntil 7 July 2015 for installations which havenot been so far requiredto obtain the integrated permit. The directiveshall be transposed infull until 1 January 2016.

Oneof themost important changes introduced with the IED Directive is themodifiedlegitimacy of BREF reference documents, which are now legallybinding,which means environmental protection requirements will be muchmoredemanding. Also, there is an obligation introduced to compile areport onsoil and groundwater pollution, and to monitor soil andgroundwaterpollution. Much tighter emission limit values for nitrogenoxides anddust have been introduced. These modifications will make itnecessary toamend the Environmental Protection Law Act and the WasteLaw Act,together with a number of the relevant implementing acts.


TheEuropeanUnion Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, EUSBR was adopted intheCouncil of the European Union Conclusions of 29/30 October 2009andincorporates 15 priority areas (including reducing nutrient inputstothe sea to acceptable levels) broken down into 4 pillars:

Italsolists 27 strategic actions and 78 flagship projects (includingtheanalysis of theresults of pilot actionsfunded under theEuropeanRegional Development Fund, LIFE and Baltic 21 on preventionofeutrophication, and the Baltic Deal - Putting bestagriculturalpractices to work to limit nutrient loads from agriculturalsourcesentering the Baltic Sea, and cooperation with Russia and Belarusinassessing regional nutrient pollution load).

TheChiefInspectorate for Environmental Protection, in cooperation withtheMinister of the Environment in Finland, coordinates the prioritytasksfor limiting nutrient pollution load under the 1st pillar. Under PA1, the following actions are also implemented:

Thisstrategy unitesthe Baltic Sea macroregion (Sweden, Denmark, Finland,Germany, Latvia,Lithuania and Poland, with contribution from Norway,Belarus and Russia)and is one of two EU macroregional strategies. Itspurpose is to takeadvantage of the full potential of the Baltic Searegion after EUenlargement in 2004, and to take concerted efforts tosolve the problemsof the region in other to address urgentenvironmental challenges of theBaltic Sea.

Thestrategy shouldprovide an integrated framework that allows theEuropean Union and MemberStates to identify needs and match them to theavailable resourcesthrough co-ordination of appropriate policies. Thiswill enable theBaltic Sea Region to enjoy a sustainable environmentand optimal economicand social development.

TheEuropeanUnion Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region is criticized foritsnon-transparent structure, unclear goals, lack of additional sourcesoffinancing, and the unclear methods of management, as wellasinsufficient dissemination of information about the Strategy.


TheHELCOMBaltic Sea Action Plan, BSAP proposed by the Helsinki Commissionwasadopted by all 9 Baltic states (8 signatories and Russia) andtheEuropean Community at the ministerial meeting in 2007 in Kraków.Itsvision is to achieve a healthy marine ecosystem and sustainableregionaldevelopment, and the priority goal is to restore the goodecologicalstatus of the Baltic marine environment by 2021. A number ofactionswill be undertaken to accomplish this goal, divided into foursegments:eutrophication, hazardous substances, environmental protectionandbiodiversity, and maritime transportation (the goals are planned tobemade more specific until 2013).

The purpose of the eutrophication segment is as follows: ?Baltic Sea unaffected by eutrophication.? Ecological goals to address the issue of eutrophication:

In order to accomplish these goals, the following actions are planned, mainly with respect to agriculture:

Ithasbeen decided that the ecological objectives for eutrophication willbemeasured by, inter alia, winter surface concentrations ofnutrientsreflecting the ecological objective 'Concentrations ofnutrients closeto natural levels'. For objective no. 2 - Summer Secchidepth reflectingthe ecological objective 'Clear water', No. 4-Chlorophyll aconcentrations reflecting the ecological objective'Natural level ofalgal blooms', No. 5 - Area and length of seasonaloxygen depletionreflecting the ecological objective 'Natural oxygenlevels'.

ThePlan lists specific goodpractices for accomplishing the goals definedin agricultural practice:The practices were divided into 5 groups:

1. Soil management:

2. Fertiliser and manure management:

3. Animal feeding:

5. Other:

MemberStates draw up national implementation plans of the HELCOM BalticSeaAction Plan. In July 2010, the Ministry of EnvironmentpublishedPreliminary National Implementation Programme for the HELCOMBaltic SeaAction Plan. It includes preliminary assumptions foraccomplishing BSAPgoals in Poland, taking into account the maximumpermitted nutrientsupply values agreed in 2013, which are planned to beobtained until2021 by implementing this Programme and the periodiceffectivenessassessments.

Themajority of actions listed in the HELCOMBaltic Sea Action Plan are inline with Poland?s obligations as the EUMember State, internationalagreements, and Poland's membership ininternational organizationsoperating in the Baltic Sea region, andtherefore the PreliminaryNational Implementation Programme for theHELCOM Baltic Sea Action Planplans to take advantage of thecomplementarity and synergy effects ofinstruments and processesusedin river basin areas and the sea. Theseinstruments include the WaterFramework Directive, the NitratesDirective, the IPPC Directive(replaced by the IDE Directive), CommonAgricultural Policy, and theGeneva Convention on long-rangetransboundary air pollution concerningthe control of emissions ofnitrogen oxides or their transboundaryfluxes of 13 November 1979(PolishJournal of Laws Dz.U. 1985.60. 311). 


TheAgenda21 for the Baltic Sea Region was adopted in 1992 at the UnitedNationsConference on Environmental Development, UNCED, and ratified by179countries (including Poland). The Agenda 21 for the Baltic SeaRegion is aGlobal Action Plan determining goals and directions forsolvingworldwide environmental protection problems at the turn of the21century, based on the sustainable developmentprinciple(eco-development).The idea behind Agenda 21 is to achievelong-termeconomic development while preserving and protecting thenaturalresources. Agenda 21 provides a number of recommendations forshapingand protecting the human environment, taking into considerationsocial,economic and environmental conditions, in order to achievelasting andsustainable development.

UnderAgenda21, the Baltic 21 was adopted by the Council of the Baltic SeaStates,CBSS, in 1998. The Baltic Sea region became the firstmacroregionworldwide to adopt common goals and undertake actions forsustainabledevelopment.The Agenda has been implemented through theinvolvement ofDenmark, Estonia, Finland, Island, Lithuania, Latvia,Germany, Norway,Poland, Russia (North-East part of Russia), Sweden andthe EuropeanCommission.

TheBaltic 21 Action Planis a crucial part of the Agenda, divided into 7sectors - agriculture,power engineering, fisheries, forests, industry,tourism, and transports.Poland is the leading country in theagricultural sector, and theMinister of Agriculture and RuralDevelopment is responsible for theimplementation of Agenda 21 for theBaltic Sea Region in Poland. TheProgramme for Sustainable AgriculturalSector Development in the BalticSea Region was drafted to supportimplementation of the Agenda in theagricultural sector, and the sustainableagriculture was defined as theproduction of high quality food andother agricultural products/servicesin the long run with considerationtaken to economy and social structure,in such a way that the resourcebase of non-renewable and renewableresources is maintained.Important sub-goals are:

Theethical aspects of agricultural production are secured. The Programmealso identifies 9 key assumptions for the agricultural sector:

TheProgrammefor Sustainable Agricultural Sector Development in the BalticSea Regionfeatures 9 action plans which, apart from education forfarmers andresidents of rural areas and incorporation of the Programmeto the Statepolicy on agriculture and environmental protection, are thebasic meansfor implementing Agenda 21 for the Baltic Sea Region.These actionsinclude:


Federacja Zielonych GAJA
5 Lipca 45, 70-374 Szczecin, Poland
Phone. +48 91 489 42 33
Fax + 48 91 489 42 32

Coalition Clean Baltic
Östra Ågatan 53
SE-753 22 Uppsala, Sweden

Project Industrial animal farms in the Baltic Sea Region - sustainable practices to reduce nutrient loads is a part of a long-term campaign of the Coalition Clean Baltic and Green Federation "GAJA", aiming to reduce the negative impact of large-scale animal production on the environment and local communities in the Baltic Sea Region, particularly by reducing nutrient run-off into the sea. The project is part-financed by the European Union. This website reflects only the view of the Coalition Clean Baltic. The Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (EASME) is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.