The catchment basin (a land area wheresurface and ground water flow into a single sea) of the Baltic Seacoversthe area of 1.720.270 km2 in 14 countries - Finland,Sweden,Norway, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia,Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Czech Republic, and Slovakia. The catchmentarea is made up of 14 catchment basins of large rivers flowing acrossdifferent countries.

The catchmentarea stretchesfrom the Carpathian Mountains and the Sudeten Mountains upto the subarcticregions, which makes it highly diversified ingeographic and climatic terms. Ithas large numbers of lakes, mainlypost-glacial ones, and other landscape formstypical for earlypost-glacial landscape (moraine plateaus, glacial troughs,kames, eskers,thaw basins, glacial erratics).

Asmentioned before, theBaltic Sea catchment basin is a highly urbanized,heavily populated andeconomically exploited area (14 cities with thepopulation of over 500thousand). It is a home to over 85 million people(UNEP, 1996), and thepopulation density varies from 19 to 150people/km2. The land use structure (UNEP, 1996) is dominatedby forests(48% of the total area) and agricultural areas (20%).

Swinestock in the Baltic Sea catchment basin is estimated at 67.3 million,cattle stock - 35.6 million, poultry - 189.8 million. Livestock inthe EUMember States within the Baltic Sea catchment basin isapproximately40.4 million LU (Livestock Units; Annex VII) (EuroStat,2007). There are over 1320 large-scale poultry and pig farms (IPPCfarms) in the Baltic Sea region. Cattle, fur animals, horse,sheet andgoat farms with livestock corresponding to the IPPC category arenotincluded, although their environmental impact is equally significant.The total number of farms with over 100 LU in the EU Member Stateswithin the Baltic Sea catchment basin is around 74.4 thousand (EuroStat, 2008).

Catchment area of the Baltic Sea against a political map of the region (photo by M. Thelander/Paris Grafik)


Federacja Zielonych GAJA
5 Lipca 45, 70-374 Szczecin, Poland
Phone. +48 91 489 42 33
Fax + 48 91 489 42 32

Coalition Clean Baltic
Östra Ågatan 53
SE-753 22 Uppsala, Sweden

Project Industrial animal farms in the Baltic Sea Region - sustainable practices to reduce nutrient loads is a part of a long-term campaign of the Coalition Clean Baltic and Green Federation "GAJA", aiming to reduce the negative impact of large-scale animal production on the environment and local communities in the Baltic Sea Region, particularly by reducing nutrient run-off into the sea. The project is part-financed by the European Union. This website reflects only the view of the Coalition Clean Baltic. The Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (EASME) is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.