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Part-financed by the European Union

PROJECT: Industrial animal farms in the BSR - sustainable practices to reduce nutrient loads

Intensive rearing of animals causes a number of hazards, which have a negative impact on the Baltic Sea Region environment. The possible impact concerns all components of the environment: air, soil and - what is the most important for the Baltic Sea - water (surface water, subsoil water, rainwater). Negative effects of industrial animal farming have also social, economic and legal connotations. The most problematic sources of pollution are large commercial animal rearing farms with several thousand animals, which can be defined as 'industrial' (or 'factory', 'intensive'). Animal farms without bedding, most often used in pig production, usually create more nutrient pollution to water bodies than other types of farming. It is noticeable, that one pig produces four times more nutrients than a human.

Nowadays non-bedding industrial farming, usually one of the most harmful production types when it comes to the impact on the environment and human health, is being limited by numerous regulations aimed at minimizing their negative impact. Examples of such regulations are the Council Directive 91/676/EEC of 12th December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources (Nitrates Directive), the Directive on industrial emissions 2010/75/EU (IE Directive, former IPPC Directive) and the Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1992, entered into force on 17 January 2000 (Helsinki Convention). In 2007 HELCOM countries adopted a new legally binding Annex III to the Helsinki Convention - Prevention of pollution from Agriculture, to better control nutrient run-off from the agriculture sector. This Annex III and particularly its restrictions for nutrient-balanced fertilization practices are however far from fully implemented in HELCOM countries.

The further implementation and development of the IED Directive (replacing IPPC Directive) is an activity in the Sixth Environment Action Programme to be used to secure a future with a healthy environment as well as healthy people. CCB has highlighted the problems with intensive animal farming by arranging seminars on the topic, producing thematic publications and expert reports, lobbying of the Baltic national governments, HELCOM and the EC to support more sustainable solutions, BSR NGOs networking, as well as providing counseling on the possibility of counteracting to a negative impact of the intensive animal rearing.



Federacja Zielonych GAJA
5 Lipca 45, 70-374 Szczecin, Poland
Phone. +48 91 489 42 33
Fax + 48 91 489 42 32

Coalition Clean Baltic
Östra Ågatan 53
SE-753 22 Uppsala, Sweden

Project Industrial animal farms in the Baltic Sea Region - sustainable practices to reduce nutrient loads is a part of a long-term campaign of the Coalition Clean Baltic and Green Federation "GAJA", aiming to reduce the negative impact of large-scale animal production on the environment and local communities in the Baltic Sea Region, particularly by reducing nutrient run-off into the sea. The project is part-financed by the European Union. This website reflects only the view of the Coalition Clean Baltic. The Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (EASME) is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.